Effectiveness of a program based on Sensory Integration to reduce some of the Visual Perception Difficulties among Children with Developmental Learning Disabilities

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Child Education Faculty of Women for Arts, Science & Education Ain Shams University - Egypt

2 Faculty of Women for Arts, Science & Education Ain Shams University - Egypt


The research targeted development of a program based on sensory integration to reduce visual perception disabilities among children with developmental learning disabilities. The research sample consisted of 5 children from Al Shahid/ Staff General/ Mohamed Refaat Official School affiliated to Nozha Educational Directorate in Cairo Governorate from the second level of kindergarten whose ages ranged from 6-7 years.  The researcher used the quasi experimental approach. The results showed existence of a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) among the averages rates of grades of experimental group children before application of the training program and after its application on dimensions of the scale of visual perception disabilities towards telemetry. The results also showed that there are no statistically significant differences among averages rates of experimental group children after application of the program (Telemetry) and after a month and a half from the end of its application (telemetry) on dimensions of visual perception disabilities.  The most important recommendations are: Training of teachers, mentors, sociologists working in kindergarten on development of training programs dealing with overcoming the problems that affect the visual perception among children with developmental learning disabilities negatively, holding seminars for parents about family guidance to help mothers who has a child with disabilities in visual perception to understand the issues and needs of their children and training teachers, mentors, psychologists working in kindergarten to set training programs dealing with overcoming the problems that affect the visual perception among children with developmental learning disabilities negatively.


Main Subjects

-      Alenizi, M. A. K. (2019). Effectiveness of a program based on a multi-sensory strategy in developing visual perception of primary school learners with learning disabilities: a contextual study of Arabic learners. International Journal of Educational Psychology8(1), 72-104.‏
-      Ayrse, J. & Robin, J. (2005).Sensory Integration and the child Understanding hidden sensory challenges.
-      Chuange, T., &Kuo, M. (2016).A motion – Sensing Game Based Theory to foster the learning of children with sensory integration Dysfunction .Educational Tecnology & society .19(1),4-6.
-      DiMatties, Marie E. & Sammons, Jennifer H. (2003).  Understanding Sensory Integration ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education Arlington VA.
-     Garje Mona, P., Dhadwad, V., Yeradkar, M. R., Adhikari, A., & Setia, M. (2015). Study of visual perceptual problems in children with learning disability. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research4(3), 492-97.
-      Glomstad, J. (2004). Studying SPD in a Primate Model. Advance for Occupational Therapy Practitioners, 3-33.
-      Hatch-Rasmussen, C. (2008). Sensory integration. Center for the Study of Autism at www. autism. org/si. Html.
-      Horowitz, L., & Rost, C. (2007). Helping hyperactive Kids: a sensory integration approach. Alameda, CA: Hunter House Inc.
-      Kashman, N., & Mora, J. (2005). The Sensory Connection: An OT and SLP team Approach. Future Horizons.‏
-      Keller, M. (2001). Handwriting club: Using sensory integration strategies to improve handwriting. Intervention in School and Clinic37(1), 9-12.
-      Kurtz, L. A. (2006). Visual perception problems in children with AD/HD, autism, and other learning disabilities: A guide for parents and professionals. Jessica  Kingsley  Publishers.
-     Murray-Slutsky, C., & Paris, B. A. (2000). Exploring the spectrum of autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Intervention strategies. Communication Skills Builders/Therapy Skill Builders.‏
-      Myhra, M. (2009). Sensory integration programs' effect academics in early childhood special education. Master dissertation, Southwest Minnesota State University.
-      Polatajko, H. J., Law, M., Miller, J., Schaffer, R., & Macnab, J. (1991). The effect of a sensory integration program on academic achievement, motor performance, and self-esteem in children identified as learning disabled: Results of a clinical trial. The Occupational Therapy Journal of Research11(3), 155-176.
-      Raath, J. (2007). Sensory integration strategies for the child with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder ,Doctoral dissertation, University of South Africa.
-     Ragonese, J. A. (2008). Understanding sensory integration dysfunction: A case study (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).
-      Reynolds, S. (2008).Sensory integration and school success: making sense of Sensory integration. Alamy Magazine, 1sd end.
-      Spencer, S. L. (2010). Sensory integration therapy's effect of attention span in infants and toddlers. Southwest Minnesota State University.‏
-      Thompson, S. D., & Rains, K. W. (2009). Learning About Sensory Integration Dysfunction: Strategies to Meet Young Children's Sensory Needs at Home. Young Exceptional Children12(2), 16-26.
-      Young, SN. &Furga, K. (2016). Effectiveness and Implication of Sensory Integration Therapy on School Performance of Children with Learning Disabilities. Article in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, 3(1).
-     Zill, N. (1995). Approaching Kindergarten: A Look at Preschoolers in the United States. National Household Education Survey. Statistical Analysis Report.‏
-      Smith Roley, S., Mailloux, Z., Miller-Kuhaneck, H., & Glennon, T. (2007). Understanding Ayres' sensory integration.